Scoliosis: Know everything of this curve

What is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a lateral spinal curvature in the frontal plane that is identified by the persistent lateral deviation of several vertebrae from the line of gravity in one or more regions of the spine.

Types of Scoliosis:

Curves can be divided into two categories: functional curves and structural curves.

Functional curves are referred to as nonstructural curves because they can be resorted around if the underlying cause is addressed. These curves are the result of imbalances that can be fixed, like an imbalance in leg length or a muscle spasm. 

As the name suggests, Structural curves involve modifications to the bone and soft tissue structures.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: 

Infantile (0 to 3 years), juvenile (4 to 10 years), and adolescent (older than 10 years) idiopathic scoliosis are classified according to the age at onset. Up to 4% of schoolchildren around the world are affected by the most common type of scoliosis, called adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Researchers have proposed several possible causes for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, including vestibular system dysfunction, problems with muscle spindle control, inherited connective tissue disorders, abnormalities in the subcortical brain stem, developmental instability, melatonin production abnormality, growth hormone secretion, and platelet abnormalities.

How is the name given for curves?

According to the curve's location and convexity direction, scoliosis curves are named. Left cervical scoliosis is the name given to a curve that is convex to the left in the cervical region.

If more than one vertebral region is involved, the superior segment is named first, such as (left thoracic, right lumbar scoliosis). When two structural curves of the same size are present, there is a double major curve. There are three areas of the vertebral column that make up a triple curve. 

A sequence of hypothetical events in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis 

Potential support failure brought on by a flaw in the muscular, ligamentous, or fascial support systems during a time of rapid growth

The development of an external lateral flexion moment


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