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Showing posts from May, 2023

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Breathing Exercises: Types, Techniques and Benefits

Breathing Exercises: Exercises for the lungs also referred to as breathing exercises , are essential for improving lung function and promoting respiratory health. These exercises are intended to strengthen respiratory muscles, increase lung capacity, and enhance the body's ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. These breathing techniques are frequently used in medical settings: Diaphragmatic Breathing Pursed lip Breathing Segmental Breathing Diaphragmatic Breathing: The diaphragm , a dome-shaped muscle situated below the lungs, is used actively during diaphragmatic breathing, also referred to as deep belly breathing or abdominal breathing . By fully contracting the diaphragm, this technique focuses on expanding the lower part of the lungs, enabling deeper and more effective inhalation and exhalation. Technique: Look for a quiet location where you can sit or lie down. You can close your eyes to improve relaxation and focus. Put one hand on your upper chest and the other on

Scoliosis: Know everything of this curve

What is Scoliosis? Scoliosis is a lateral spinal curvature in the frontal plane that is identified by the persistent lateral deviation of several vertebrae from the line of gravity in one or more regions of the spine. Types of Scoliosis: Curves can be divided into two categories: functional curves and structural curves. Functional curves are referred to as nonstructural curves because they can be resorted around if the underlying cause is addressed. These curves are the result of imbalances that can be fixed, like an imbalance in leg length or a muscle spasm.  As the name suggests, Structural curves involve modifications to the bone and soft tissue structures. Idiopathic Scoliosis:  Infantile (0 to 3 years), juvenile (4 to 10 years), and adolescent (older than 10 years) idiopathic scoliosis are classified according to the age at onset. Up to 4% of schoolchildren around the world are affected by the most common type of scoliosis, called adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Researchers hav

Sacroiliac Joint (SIJ)

The complex joint known as the sacroiliac (SI) joint connects the ilium, one of the pelvic bones, to the sacrum, the triangular bone at the base of the spine.  Understanding the sacroiliac joint's anatomy is essential to comprehend how it works and the conditions that can affect it. Let's examine its structure and makeup in more detail. Bones: The articulation of the auricular surfaces of the sacrum and ilium results in the formation of the sacroiliac joint.  Rough, asymmetrical regions with fibrocartilage cover the auricular surfaces. The synovial portion of the sacrum and the ilium together make up the majority of the joint. Ligaments: The sacroiliac joint is stabilized and supported by several ligaments. These consist of: Anterior sacroiliac ligament: This powerful ligament strengthens the front of the joint by joining the anterior surface of the sacrum to the iliac fossa. Posterior sacroiliac ligament: This ligament supports the back of the joint by joining the ilium to t