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Breathing Exercises: Types, Techniques and Benefits

Breathing Exercises: Exercises for the lungs also referred to as breathing exercises , are essential for improving lung function and promoting respiratory health. These exercises are intended to strengthen respiratory muscles, increase lung capacity, and enhance the body's ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. These breathing techniques are frequently used in medical settings: Diaphragmatic Breathing Pursed lip Breathing Segmental Breathing Diaphragmatic Breathing: The diaphragm , a dome-shaped muscle situated below the lungs, is used actively during diaphragmatic breathing, also referred to as deep belly breathing or abdominal breathing . By fully contracting the diaphragm, this technique focuses on expanding the lower part of the lungs, enabling deeper and more effective inhalation and exhalation. Technique: Look for a quiet location where you can sit or lie down. You can close your eyes to improve relaxation and focus. Put one hand on your upper chest and the other on

Quick look at HIP BURSITIS: causes, symptoms, treatment and more

Trochanteric bursitis, another name for hip bursitis, is a painful condition that affects the bursae close to the hip joint. The bursae are tiny sacs that are fluid-filled and function to lessen friction between muscles, tendons, and bones. Hip bursitis is characterized by the inflammation of the bursae, which causes pain and discomfort in the hip and the surrounding region.

Brief Anatomy of Hip Joint:

The head of the femur (the thigh bone) and the acetabulum of the pelvis come together to form the hip joint, which is a ball and socket joint. 

The trochanteric bursa, which is situated on the outer part of the hip, and the iliopsoas bursa, which is situated on the front of the hip, are just two of the bursae that surround the hip joint.

Causes of Hip Bursitis:

There are numerous factors that can lead to hip bursitis, including:

  • hip joint overuse or repetitive stress
  • hip injury brought on by a fall or direct blow
  • Walking or running with an improper gait or posture 
  • Medical conditions like gout or rheumatoid arthritis
  •  Infection in the bursa

Symptoms of Hip Bursitis:

Pain on the outside of the hip that may radiate down the thigh is the most typical sign of hip bursitis. 

Other signs might include the following:

  • swelling and sensitivity in the affected area
  • Hip joint stiffness and restricted range of motion
  • Pain that gets worse when you move around or do things like run or climb stairs
  • prolonged sitting or lying on the affected side causes more pain

Risk factors:

Some elements that may raise the possibility of getting hip bursitis include:

  • Age: Hip bursitis is more prevalent in older adults due to age.
  • Sex: Hip bursitis is more common in women than in men.
  • Activity: Running and cycling are two activities that put repetitive stress on the hip joint and may increase the risk of hip bursitis.
  • Medical conditions: Rheumatoid arthritis and gout are two conditions that may increase the risk of hip bursitis.

Treatment of Hip Bursitis:

The most common course of treatment for hip bursitis is conservative, including:

  • Rest and avoiding activities that make symptoms worse
  • Using heat or ice to treat pain and inflammation
  • NSAIDs, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, to treat inflammation and pain.
  • Physical therapy to strengthen the hip muscles and increase range of motion
  • Injections of corticosteroids to lessen pain and swelling
  • Using crutches or other assistive devices to prevent putting weight on the injured hip

Hip bursitis rarely requires surgery and is typically only considered if non-surgical treatments are ineffective at alleviating symptoms.


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