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Breathing Exercises: Types, Techniques and Benefits

Breathing Exercises: Exercises for the lungs also referred to as breathing exercises , are essential for improving lung function and promoting respiratory health. These exercises are intended to strengthen respiratory muscles, increase lung capacity, and enhance the body's ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. These breathing techniques are frequently used in medical settings: Diaphragmatic Breathing Pursed lip Breathing Segmental Breathing Diaphragmatic Breathing: The diaphragm , a dome-shaped muscle situated below the lungs, is used actively during diaphragmatic breathing, also referred to as deep belly breathing or abdominal breathing . By fully contracting the diaphragm, this technique focuses on expanding the lower part of the lungs, enabling deeper and more effective inhalation and exhalation. Technique: Look for a quiet location where you can sit or lie down. You can close your eyes to improve relaxation and focus. Put one hand on your upper chest and the other on

What is Physiotherapy treatment ?

Physiotherapy is now an upcoming broad term in the medical field. Physiotherapy is a very vast field. Did you know there are many Branches of Physiotherapy? What is physio? do you also have the same question in your mind then let's clear this all,   

What is Physiotherapy?

"Physiotherapists assess, plan and implement rehabilitative programs that improve or restore human motor functions, maximize movement ability, relieve pain syndromes and treat or prevent physical challenges associated with injuries, diseases and other impairments. They apply a broad range of physical therapies and techniques such as movement, ultrasound, heating, laser and other techniques. They may develop and implement programs for screening and prevention of common physical ailments and disorders." ( Definition of Physiotherapist by World Health Organisation)

What does a Physiotherapist Do? 

Physical Therapy is a complex specialty, as it deals with all types of patients. A physiotherapist is healing Persons, yeah we are :). Development in this field has resulted in a variety of sub-specialization.

There are various Branches of Physiotherapy as in this article, we are going to see how Important Physiotherapists are in the medical field. There are so many questions I found on the internet regarding Physiotherapists, like Physical therapist job, Physical therapist degree, physical therapist salary, and definition of physical therapy and physical therapist.

Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy

What is Physiotherapy treatment ?

Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy is also known as MSK Physio, is a specialized area of physiotherapy treating injuries and conditions which affect the muscles, joints, and soft tissues.  It is a branch, where the application of physiotherapy is involved in the treatment of structures surrounding the joint region such as bones, muscles, ligaments, and bursa. For e.g muscle problems (pain, strain, rupture) joint problems (pain, stiffness ) fractures, postural problems, ligaments problems ( sprain ). 

Cardio-Thoracic Physiotherapy

It is concerned with the care of the physical fitness of the heart and lungs. this treatment specializes in clearing the secretion which is accumulated to lung and surrounding tissue so individual to breath more normally. e.g asthma, other respiratory infections, and conditions, before and after heart and lung surgery, ICU.
Cardio-Thoracic Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy treatment is often prescribed to patients undergoing cardiac surgery, to prevent or diminish postoperative complications. Coronary artery disease (CAD), heart failure, myocardial infarctions, and patients who have had cardiovascular interventions such as coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting. 
Heart specimens for cardiac issues

Cardiac rehabilitation is a complex, interprofessional intervention customized to individual patients with various cardiovascular diseases such as CAD, heart failure, myocardial infarctions, and patients who have had cardiovascular interventions such as coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting.
Cardiac rehabilitation programs are designed to help patients cope with the psychological and physiological effects of CVD, reduce the risk of CVD-related mortality, and improve cardiovascular function to help them live their best lives.

Neurological Physiotherapy

It is concerned with the treatment arising from the problems in the brain, spinal cord, nerves of the spinal cord, and brain.

MRi of brain Neurological Physiotherapy

some conditions like stroke, nerve injury, balance disorder, paralysis, balance, and coordination disorder. Neurological physical therapy is a field focused on working with individuals who have a neurological disorder or disease.

These can include stroke, chronic back pain, Alzheimer's disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), ALS, brain injury, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, facial palsy, and spinal cord injury.

Common impairments associated with neurologic conditions include impairments of vision, balance, ambulation, activities of daily living, movement, muscle strength, and loss of functional independence. The techniques involve in neurological physical therapy are wide-ranging and often require specialized training.

Physiotherapy in Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation is nothing but bringing back a physically disabled individual to near normal condition by using his/her maximum capacities. different types of Rehabilitation where Physiotherapy is involved; e.g stroke, geriatrics, cardiac, amputation Rehabilitation.

Physiotherapy in Rehabilitation

Physiotherapy in Obstetrics

Physiotherapy in Obstetrics is concerned with women's physical fitness and postural care during pregnancy and after pregnancy. e.g antenatal and postnatal care.

Physiotherapy in Obstetrics

Incontinence, pelvic/vaginal pain, prenatal and postpartum musculoskeletal pain, osteoporosis, rehabilitation following breast surgery, lymphedema, education prevention, wellness, and exercise are now included in the scope of practise. From the young athlete to the childbearing woman to the menopausal and elderly woman, all females receive ben

Sports Physiotherapy

Sports injuries do differ from everyday injuries. Athletes normally require high-level performance and demand placed upon their body, which stresses their muscles, joints, and bones to the limit.  

Sports physiotherapists help athletes recover from sporting injuries, and provide education and resources to prevent problems. 

Sports Physiotherapy is specific for sportspersons. they provide guidance in sports activities of warmup period, exercise period, cooling down period, and also the treatment of sports injury like any muscle strain, ligament sprain, tear, or any sports injury.

Sports Physiotherapy

Women's Health Physiotherapy

Physical therapy mostly addresses women's issues related to the female reproductive system, childbirth, and post-partum. These conditions include lymphedema, osteoporosis, pelvic pain, prenatal and postpartum periods, and urinary incontinence. It also addresses incontinence, pelvic pain, and other disorders associated with pelvic floor dysfunction.

Women's Health Physiotherapy
Manual physical therapy has been demonstrated in multiple studies to increase rates of conception in women with infertility.

Antenatal and Postnatal Physical therapy includes various aspects like mothers general health, position, strengthening exercise, stretching, General exercise, Back to Routine life education, etc.,

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

It's never easy to bring up the subject of the Groin region! Incontinence, leaking, and pelvic organ prolapse are all problems that affect the pelvic floor. There is no simple way to approach this subject, and clients are frequently concerned that something is wrong! Pelvic floor dysfunction is under-reported because so many people are afraid to speak up about it.

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

Problems with the pelvic floor are well known to hurt both men's and women's quality of life. Many people have reported negative effects on their daily activities at home and at work, as well as their personal relationships, social lives, and mental health. Pelvic floor dysfunction is linked to depression, social isolation, anxiety, and a lower quality of life in general.

Palliative care Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy in the field of oncology and palliative care is a continuously evolving and developing specialty, both in malignant and non-malignant diseases.

Palliative care Physiotherapy

Rehabilitation for both groups of patients is now recognized as an essential part of the clinical pathway, as early diagnoses and new treatments are enabling patients to live longer. it is generally accepted that patients should have access to an appropriate level of rehabilitation to function at a minimum level of dependency and optimize their quality of life, regardless of their life expectancy.        

Physiotherapy in Fitness and Postural Care

Physiotherapy in Fitness and Postural Care

This branch is concerned with the care of physical fitness and good posture care and body muscle building. e.g obesity, bad posture.

Pediatric Physiotherapy

Pediatric Occupational Therapists are part of the multi-disciplinary medical team that can work with your child to promote their best level of development and achievement in school and at home, in leisure pursuits, and in their social skills. This branch is concerned with the treatment of children born with physical disabilities and delayed development like cerebral palsy

Pediatric Physiotherapy

Pediatric Physiotherapy
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Orthopedic Physiotherapy

This branch is concerned with the individual having bone, cartilage, meniscus, muscle, ligaments problems. e.g fractures, meniscal injury, muscle disorder, cartilage disorder. 

Orthopedic physical therapists diagnose, manage, and treat disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system as well as rehabilitate patients post orthopedic surgery. This specialty of physical therapy is most often found in the outpatient clinical setting.

Orthopedic Physiotherapy

Orthopedic Physiotherapy

Integumentary Physiotherapy

Integumentary physical therapy includes the treatment of conditions involving the skin and all its related organs. Common conditions managed include wounds and burns. Physical therapists may utilize surgical instruments, wound irrigations, dressings, and topical agents to remove the damaged or contaminated tissue and promote tissue healing.

Other commonly used interventions include exercise, edema control, splinting, and compression garments. The work done by physical therapists in the integumentary specialty does work similar to what would be done by medical doctors or nurses in the emergency room or triage.
Other than that Physiotherapist also plays important role in,

Physiotherapy In Burns

Rehabilitation is an important part of the treatment of patients with burns, and it should begin the day the injury occurs. To put it another way, edema control, respiratory care, positioning, and functional movements are all important in burn cases and must be started right away. In Burn Victims, fluid resuscitation Plays Important role in fluid management.

Physiotherapists, doctors, nurses, occupational therapists, dieticians, psychologists, plastic surgeons, psychologists, social workers, and others are part of a multidisciplinary team of health professionals who specialize in burn care. The involvement of family members and support groups in the recovery of these patients is also recommended.

Physiotherapy In General Medicine And General Surgery

Reduced lung volume is one of the most common issues discovered during an examination of a patient who has undergone major surgery. As a result, gas exchange and airway clearance may be compromised. A decrease in functional residual capacity, PaO2, VO2Max, cardiac output, and stroke volume, as well as an increase in HR, are other cardiovascular and respiratory effects.

As a result, the physiotherapist's goal is to try to alleviate these issues. A treatment plan will be developed based on the post-operative assessment which can include mobilization, positioning,  deep breathing exercise, spirometry, etc.,

I've covered every aspect of physiotherapy, what does a physiotherapist do?  what is physiotherapy treatment? Do you find it enjoyable to read my articles? Subscribe to receive weekly fitness tips, workout plans, and more.


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