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Breathing Exercises: Types, Techniques and Benefits

Breathing Exercises: Exercises for the lungs also referred to as breathing exercises , are essential for improving lung function and promoting respiratory health. These exercises are intended to strengthen respiratory muscles, increase lung capacity, and enhance the body's ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. These breathing techniques are frequently used in medical settings: Diaphragmatic Breathing Pursed lip Breathing Segmental Breathing Diaphragmatic Breathing: The diaphragm , a dome-shaped muscle situated below the lungs, is used actively during diaphragmatic breathing, also referred to as deep belly breathing or abdominal breathing . By fully contracting the diaphragm, this technique focuses on expanding the lower part of the lungs, enabling deeper and more effective inhalation and exhalation. Technique: Look for a quiet location where you can sit or lie down. You can close your eyes to improve relaxation and focus. Put one hand on your upper chest and the other on

Hip adductors muscles in human body

The following muscles are called hip adductors.

Adductor longus and adductor brevis

Adductor Magnus


Hip adductors muscles in human body

1.       Adductor longus and adductor brevis

-origin -anterior pubis

-insertion- linea aspera on posterior femur

Nerve supply- obturator(l3,4)

Action- adduction of femur at the hip, assist flexion and medial rotation pf femur at the hip

Palpation – adductor longs-prominent cord-like origin at media aspect of groin during active adduction of hip

-adductor brevis-may attempt to palpate laterally to adductor longus origin on the pubis.

Adductor longus forms the medial border of the femoral triangle.

Adductor Magnus

-origin- pubic ramus, ischial tuberosity, and ramus

-insertion- linea aspera of posterior femur, adductor tubercle of medial femur

-nerve supply- anterior -obturator nerve(l2,3,4)

                            -posterior-sciatic nerve(l4,5,s1,2,3)

Action- adduction of the femur at hip joint, assist medial rotation of femur at hip, anterior fibers assist flexion of the  femur at hip, posterior fibers assist Extention of femur at hip

Palpation- surface of thigh just medial to gracilis during active adduction of hip.tendon palpated at its insertion on the adductor tubercle

Adductor hiatusemergence of femoral artery and femoral vein to poplitial fossa behind knee.

Hip adductors muscles in human body

3.       Gracilis

-origin- anterior pubis

-insertion- medial proximal tibia

-nerve supply- obturator nerve(l2,3,4)

Action- adduction of femur at hip ,assist flexion and medial rotation of flexed knee

-palpation- a few inches below pubic bone on medial side of thigh during active hip adduction.tendon palpated on medial side of posterior knee ,medial to semitendinosus tendon


-this is the most superficial and medial of the adduxtors .the femoral shaft and the gracilis form tge shape of the letter 'v'.

Hip adductors muscles in human body


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