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What Does Warm up and Cool Down To Our Body??

 What is WARM UP?? A warm-up is a pre-exercise phase that usually consists of low- to moderate-intensity movements and activities. Its main goal is to progressively raise the body's core temperature, pulse rate, breathing rate, and blood supply to the muscles that are in use. The purpose of a warm-up is to get the body ready for more physically and psychologically taxing activities and exercise. Many exercises, including dynamic stretching, light aerobics, and sport-specific drills , are frequently used as part of a warm-up. These exercises improve brain activation, joint mobility, and muscular flexibility. A warm-up also makes it easier for oxygen to reach the muscles efficiently, which enhances energy metabolism and lowers the chance of injury. The warm-up phase facilitates the change from a state of inactivity or rest to one of physical exertion preparation. It is seen as a crucial part of any fitness programme, helping to enhance performance, reduce injuries, and promote gener

how Physiotherapy can Help in diabetic neuropathy?

A severe and common complication of type 1 and type 2 diabetes is diabetic neuropathy. It's a kind of nerve damage caused by high blood sugar levels in the long term.  The condition usually develops slowly, occasionally over several decades. Incidences are more common in poorly controlled, overweight patients, have higher levels of blood fat and blood pressure, and are over 40. You should see your doctor if you have diabetes and you notice numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in your hands or feet. These are early Peripheral Neuropathy symptoms.  Usually, the danger is when you can't feel pain and an ulcer on your foot develops. You may be vulnerable to injuries or infections when experiencing severe or prolonged peripheral neuropathy. Poor wound healing or infection can cause amputation in serious cases. Diabetic neuropathy has different types that affect different areas of your body, causing a variety of symptoms. If you have diabetes, it's important to check your blood

Physiotherapy & Yoga, Combination that adds life.

I wish you all Happy International Yoga day . it is 2020 and 21st June. The International Day of Yoga has been celebrated annually on 21 June since 2015, following its inception in the United Nations General Assembly in 2014. When proposing 21 June as the date, Reputed Prime Minister Modi said that the date was the longest day of the year in the mass northern hemisphere (shortest in the southern hemisphere), having special significance in many parts of the world. From the perspective of yoga, the summer solstice marks the transition to Dakshinayana. Yoga originated thousands of years ago in India as an integrated physical, mental, and spiritual practice based on ancient Vedic philosophy, and is connected to Ayurveda, the system of traditional Indian medicine. Yoga unites the mind, body, and spirit.  It’s a comprehensive full-body workout.   It reduces stress by lowering the stress hormone, cortisol.  But you probably knew that already.  What you may not know is that yoga is a powerf

What is agonist and antagonis Muscle in Physiotherapy?

Agonist Muscle these are chief muscles , which produces the main movement. it is also called as prime movers as they are initiative muscles for the action. there are many muscles are in the body which is acting as prime movers. but as for example, we take the flexors of the elbow to understand this concept. elbow flexion is done by brachialis as well as biceps brachii muscles. no doubt both muscles are needed to do elbow flexion but the brachialis has its major function into elbow flexion. so here brachialis is the agonist muscle for the elbow flexion. Antagonist :  I am against the  agonist , so I am famous as antagonist woohoo!😏 antagonist's muscles are acting against the agonist. for the example, we take the elbow flexion and extension. as we know  biceps brachii  and  brachialis  is acting together as an  agonist for elbow flexion,  here the  extensor muscles  of the elbow the  triceps is antagonist's muscles. this both agonist and antagonist's muscles work u

What is Active insufficiency in Physiotherapy ?

Active insufficiency, muscles can't go for further shortening while doing the activity on the nearest joint, which the muscle crosses. agonist muscles are mostly showing this phenomenon. let's take the example of flexor compartment muscles of the forearm . flexor compartment muscles of the forearm are responsible for elbow flexion, metacarpal flexion proximal interphalangeous flexion, and distal interphalangeous flexion.  if the movement is done as said in the same sequence, the person will feel difficult to flex MCP and fingers after flexing the elbow and wrist, because muscles are already shortened by the elbow and wrist flexion. so further movement is difficult as it is restricted. this is called Active insufficiency

Rotator Cuff tear and Physiotherapy Management

While working at home, the number of cases of the rotator cuff and other like muscle tear and joint effusion is a common problem. There isn’t an exact definition of a massive rotator cuff tear. Sometimes the severity is expressed by the number of tendons that are torn, sometimes on the size of the tear. These rotator cuff tears can be further divided into 5 categories (according to Collin et al.) Type A: supraspinatus & superior subscapularis tears Type B: supraspinatus and entire subscapularis tears Type C: supraspinatus, superior subscapularis & infraspinatus tears Type D: supraspinatus & infraspinatus tears Type E: supraspinatus, infraspinatus & teres minor tear There are a number of classification systems that are used to describe the size, location and shape of rotator cuff tears. Most commonly tears are described as partial- or full-thickness. A commonly cited classification system for full-thickness rotator cuff tears was developed by Cofield (1982). The classifi

Endfeel and It's type. How to assess Endfeel?

When assessing passive movement, the examiner should apply overpressure at the end of the Range of motion to determine the quality of end feel. it is known as endfeel. or you can simply say that it is sensation the examiner “feels” in the joint as it reaches the end of the Range of Motion. A proper evaluation of end feel can help the examiner to assess the type of pathology present, indirectly it is a lot helpful. endfeel classify into two: 1) Normal Endfeel 2) Abnormal Endfeel It can be helpful to determine a prognosis severity or stage of the problem Normal endfeel is classified into three types. 1) Bone-to-Bone 2) Soft-Tissue Approximation 3) Tissue Stretch Tissue stretch is the most common type of normal end feel. it is found when the capsule and ligaments are the primary restraints to movement, Know about Abnormal Endfeel .  End-feel is the end-of-range resistance quality of the joint. Each joint has a normal end sensation at a normal point in the motion range (ROM) o

Are you using face mask Correctly?

Are you using face mask Correctly? Wearing a face mask often helps people feel safe and confident. But can surgical face mask prevent you from being exposed to certain infectious diseases or transmitting them? And if face masks shield you from infectious diseases like COVID-19, is there a proper way of putting them on, taking them off, and discarding them? Continue reading, to find out. What is a Surgical face mask? A surgical mask is a rectangular-shaped, loose-fitting, disposable mask. The mask has elastic bands or ties that can be looped behind your ears to hold it in place, or tied behind your head. A metal strip at the top of the mask may be present and can be pinched to fit the mask around your nose. A properly worn three-ply surgical mask may help block transmission from droplets, sprays, splatters, and splashes of large-particle microorganisms. The mask may also reduce the chance of contact from hand to face. The three-ply layers of the surgical mask operate as follows: The

17 Anatomical Movements in Human Body

Flexion The movement that Reduces the angle between the articular surface and ending in nature. Example., Elbow flexion.    hyperflexion  is excessive flexion at a joint. Hyperextension injuries are common at hinge joints such as the knee or elbow. Extension Stretching movement and opposite to flexion which is Increase the angle between the articular surface. Example., Elbow Extension  Hyperextension  is the abnormal or excessive extension of a joint beyond its normal range of motion, thus resulting in injury. Abduction A movement where bony Segments move away from the midline.  Adduction A movement where bony Segments move towards the midline. Abduction  and  adduction  motions occur within the coronal plane and involve medial-lateral motions of the limbs, fingers, toes, or thumb. Abduction moves the limb laterally away from the midline of the body, while adduction is the opposing movement that brings the limb toward the body or across the midline. For example, abduction is raising th

What Infra-Red therapy in Physiotherapy? how it helps in pain Reduction?

Infrared radiation therapy is drug-free and non-invasive light-based technology in physiotherapy which provides a wide range of health benefits. It is an alternative treatment for healing acute to chronic pain and different other conditions of health. It's safer than ultraviolet rays, which can cause skin damage. Types of Infra-red Rays Generators  Non-Luminous Generator Luminous Generator Infrared rays are in an electromagnetic spectrum just above visible light, with a wavelength of 770 nm to 1 mm. These rays are relatively safe in the neonatal intensive care unit, as they are used to warm infants. In recent years IR therapy applications have moved on rapidly. For example, IR therapy was developed that does not actually require an external source of power, such as materials emitting IR, and garments that can be powered by body heat alone.  Another area of interest is the possible involvement of solar IR radiation as opposites sides of the coin in photoaging or photorejuvenation,