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Showing posts from May, 2020

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What Does Warm up and Cool Down To Our Body??

 What is WARM UP?? A warm-up is a pre-exercise phase that usually consists of low- to moderate-intensity movements and activities. Its main goal is to progressively raise the body's core temperature, pulse rate, breathing rate, and blood supply to the muscles that are in use. The purpose of a warm-up is to get the body ready for more physically and psychologically taxing activities and exercise. Many exercises, including dynamic stretching, light aerobics, and sport-specific drills , are frequently used as part of a warm-up. These exercises improve brain activation, joint mobility, and muscular flexibility. A warm-up also makes it easier for oxygen to reach the muscles efficiently, which enhances energy metabolism and lowers the chance of injury. The warm-up phase facilitates the change from a state of inactivity or rest to one of physical exertion preparation. It is seen as a crucial part of any fitness programme, helping to enhance performance, reduce injuries, and promote gener

What is Cold or Cryo Therapy In Physiotherapy?

Cryotherapy, which literally means “ cold therapy ,” is a technique where the body is exposed to extremely cold temperatures for several minutes. The application of cold to the tissues after the injury is a practice as old as medicine itself.  Cryotherapy can be delivered to just one area, or you can opt for whole-body cryotherapy. Localized cryotherapy can be administered in several ways, including ice packs, ice massage, coolant sprays( instant evaporation of volatile fluids), ice baths, and even through probes administered into the tissue. often the skin temperature is being reduced as low as 10-degree Celcius. Ice therapy is used to Reduce pain, Reduce spasticity, Reduce muscle spasm, and Reduce swelling to promote the healing and repair process of tissue so that such a sensation can provide excitatory stimulus when muscles are inhibited. Principles of CRYOTHERAPY Cryotherapy works on the Principle of latent heat, which suggests that a specific amount of energy is required to ch

What is Interferential current Therapy in Physiotherapy?

IFT is one of the Pain Modulating Modalities which is clinically Proven and widely used by Physiotherapists to modulate pain. The word 'Interferential' suggests some sort of interference and this basis for the name of this current. Interferential currents (IFC) Therapy is two different kHz frequency alternating currents applied in a continuous rhythm. The currents have a slightly different frequency (for example, one might be 4000 Hz, the other 4050 Hz). The original interferential stimulators used sinusoidal AC at a frequency of 4 kHz. kHz frequencies make little difference whether the shape is sinusoidal, rectangular, or triangular. Interferential stimulators also offer the option of  'modulated interferential current' where the two slightly different frequency cur are combined within the stimulator and a current is applied Single pair of electrodes. IFT which is Representing the Name Interferential Current therapy is a highly recommended and practiced th

Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger’s Disease) And Buerger or Buerger-Allen exercises

Thromboangitis obliterans is a chronic disease seen predominantly in young male patients who smoke; it involves an inflammatory reaction of the arteries to nicotine. Initially, it becomes evident in the small arteries of the feet and hands and progresses proximally.  It results in vasoconstriction, decreased arterial circulation to the extremities, ischemia, and eventual ulceration and necrosis of soft tissues. The inflammatory reaction and resulting signs and symptoms can be controlled if the patient stops smoking. PT(Physiotherapy) Management of Chronic Arterial Insufficiency Plan of Care maybe include, To teach the patient how to minimize or prevent potential impairments and correct functional impairments or limitations which currently affect functional capabilities.  Communicate with health professionals from other disciplines which are suitable for patient consultation.  Improve exercise tolerance for ADL, and reduce intermittent claudication incidence.  Reli

Exercise to perform at home in this Lock-down!

This epidemic has taught many positive things; one of them is that by staying at home during these days of lockdown, we can increase the immune power of our bodies. If we have strong immunity then we can easily guard against this epidemic. Lockdown does not mean you are stopping your workouts. You have to remember that not everything that aims to stay fit is a lockdown. Regular exercises offer untold advantages. It boosts your immune system, improves bone health, and reduces health risks such as heart problems, diabetes, and many more life-threatening diseases. With increasing family responsibilities and demanding jobs, exercise is taking a backseat in the list of priorities. Most of us are giving brilliant excuses for not doing regular exercises. The most common excuse one makes is being too busy. But you can take some time out of your hectic schedule, with proper planning, for your own future well-being. There's no doubt regular exercise is the best way to liv