What is Fibromyalgia? Cause And Physical therapy

Fibromyalgia, also sometimes called fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), is a long-term condition that causes pain all over the body in a specific way. fibromyalgia is a noninflammatory, nondegenerative, nonprogressive disorder, still, several factors may affect the severity of symptoms. Fibromyalgia is the second most common condition affecting your bones and muscles with pain and still, it is often misdiagnosed and misunderstood. classic symptoms of fibromyalgia are muscle and joint pain and fatigue with less activity.

symptoms of fibromyalgia are,

  • fatigue (extreme tiredness)
  • increased sensitivity to pain
  • headaches
  • trouble sleeping
  • (nonrestorative sleep)
  • dry eyes
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • pain or a dull ache in the lower belly
  • sleeping for long periods without feeling rested 
  • bladder problems(like interstitial cystitis)
  • trouble focusing or paying attention


In people with fibromyalgia, the brain and nerve activities are interpreted thus it may misinterpret or overreact to normal pain signals. This may be due to a chemical imbalance in the brain or abnormality in the dorsal root ganglion affecting central pain (brain) sensitization. Fibromyalgia symptoms have generally been observed more severe in women than in men. The primary side effects of Fibromyalgia can happen at any age yet, for the most part, show up during early to center adulthood.


Common Tender Points seen in Fibromyalgia

Common tender points in Fibromyalgia

Causes for Fibromyalgia

Doctors still don't know what causes fibromyalgia, but it most likely involves a variety of factors working together. These may include:
Genetics, Infections, trauma and much more.
  1. Because fibromyalgia tends to run in families is observed, there may be certain genetic mutations that may make you more susceptible to developing the disorder.
  2. Infections. Some illnesses tend to trigger or aggravate fibromyalgia. such disease provokes fibromyalgia.
  3. Fibromyalgia can sometimes be triggered by a physical trauma where the human body goes under such terrific stress, such as a car accident or viral infection. Physical pressures include repetitive tasks such as writing, playing piano, vacuuming, extended sitting and/or standing intervals, and frequent changes in work.
  4. Psychological stress may also trigger the fibromyalgia and make the condition worse. 
  5. Environmental strains include changes in weather, particularly significant shifts in barometric pressure, heat, humidity, fog, and precipitation.
Such specific stresses do not cause Fibromyalgia, but they aggravate it.

The agony and absence of rest related to fibromyalgia can meddle with your capacity to work at home or at work. The dissatisfaction of managing a regularly misconstrued condition likewise can bring about sadness and wellbeing related uneasiness. Persons with fibromyalgia have a higher incidence of tendonitis, nausea, irritable intestines, transient mandibular joint dysfunction, restless leg syndrome, prolapse of the mitral valve, anxiety, depression, and memory problems.

Although the symptoms vary from individual to individual, there are several signature complaints. Pain is usually described as originally muscular and is recorded primarily in the scapula, head, neck, chest and low back.

Another frequent feature is a huge fluctuation in symptoms. Some days an individual may additionally be pain-free, whereas different days the pain is markedly increased. Most folks file that, when they are in a cycle in which the symptoms are diminished, they try to do as a whole lot as possible. This is normally accompanied by several days of worsening signs and an inability to carry out their regular everyday activities. This is often the response to exercise. 

Although there's as of now no remedy for fibromyalgia, there are medicines to help mitigate a portion of the side effects and make the condition simpler to live with. but the fact is Physical therapy can also improve the condition a lot. Physical therapy helps to reduce pain which will be much helpful in such conditions.


Treatment in Physical therapy

Physical therapy focuses on treating injuries or disabilities, healing and prevention. Regular physical therapy programs can help you regain control of your fibromyalgia by focusing on changes in lifestyle rather than chronic pain, stiffness, and fatigue problems. Research supports the use of exercise to reduce the most common symptoms associated with Fibromyalgia, particularly aerobic exercise. 
  • the drug, for example, antidepressants and painkillers. 
  • talking treatments, for example, psychological conduct treatment (CBT) and directing.
  • way of life changes, for example, practice projects and unwinding strategies. 
  • Exercise specifically has been found to have various significant advantages for individuals with fibromyalgia, including diminishing agony.
  • Proper posture, which your physical therapist will help you with, allows for efficient muscle function. This means that you can avoid unnecessary fatigue and pain. In addition, slow stretching exercises may be used by the therapist to help improve muscle flexibility. 
  • Relaxation exercises shown by the therapist can help to reduce tension in the muscle. Relaxation techniques-Minimize environmental anxiety, breathing techniques, physically active lifestyle habits, good sleep, therapeutic massage, etc.
  • Recent research has shown that aquatic therapy for people with FMS pain is a more tolerable workout. The buoyancy of the water enables the patient to keep active movement without exerting excessive energy and/or increasing pressure on their joints. In addition, evidence has shown that aquatic therapy and hydrotherapy help in the long-term improvement of the quality of life of people with FMS. The underlying symptoms of fibromyalgia, central hypersensitivity and pain can be alleviated by hydrostatic pressure and calming effects on nerve endings, along with general muscle relaxation.


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