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Showing posts from October, 2019

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What Does Warm up and Cool Down To Our Body??

 What is WARM UP?? A warm-up is a pre-exercise phase that usually consists of low- to moderate-intensity movements and activities. Its main goal is to progressively raise the body's core temperature, pulse rate, breathing rate, and blood supply to the muscles that are in use. The purpose of a warm-up is to get the body ready for more physically and psychologically taxing activities and exercise. Many exercises, including dynamic stretching, light aerobics, and sport-specific drills , are frequently used as part of a warm-up. These exercises improve brain activation, joint mobility, and muscular flexibility. A warm-up also makes it easier for oxygen to reach the muscles efficiently, which enhances energy metabolism and lowers the chance of injury. The warm-up phase facilitates the change from a state of inactivity or rest to one of physical exertion preparation. It is seen as a crucial part of any fitness programme, helping to enhance performance, reduce injuries, and promote gener

How to Perform Quadriceps Setting (Quad Sets)?

Quadriceps Setting (Quad Sets) is common exercise to increase knee Extension. it is basically working on quadriceps muscles to make them work isometrically. How to perform? it is the easiest exercise. The patient position will be in Supine, sitting in a chair (with the heel on the floor) or long-sitting with the knee extended (or flexed a few degrees) but not hyperextended. Have the patient contract the quadriceps isometrically, causing the patella to glide proximally; then hold for a count of 10, and repeat. sometimes this exercise is also known as Quadriceps Strengthening Exercises or SQE (Static quadriceps Exercise). Quad sets help you build and maintain strength in the muscles on top of your thigh. With this action, you are "setting" these quadricep muscles by holding them tight. Use verbal cues for patients or athletes if they are not understanding the right method such as, “Try to push your knee back and tighten your thigh muscle” or “Try to tighten your thigh

Scoliosis Measurement with Cobb's Method

                     The Cobb Angle is Angle used as a standard measurement to determine and track the progression of scoliosis. it is a very Generalised and common method used by Physiotherapists now a day. Scoliosis of the vertebral column can be assessed with the Cobb's angle.                        Cobb's Angle suggests that the angle of curvature  can be measured by drawing lines parallel to the upper border of the upper Displaced vertebral body and the lower border of the lowest Displaced vertebra of the structural curve, then erecting perpendiculars from these lines to cross each other, the angle between these perpendiculars being the ‘angle of curvature’.                               In Above Images, Figures A and B are showing measuring Procedure for Scoliosis with the help of cobb's Angle. Figure B is showing implement of Cobb's Angle On X-Ray View. Sometimes  Hyperkyphosis  (it is a kyphotic angle) of greater than 40° commonly measured by


MONTEGGIA FRACTURE-DISLOCATION  is a fracture of the upper third of the ulna with dislocation of the head of the radius. It is caused by a fall on an outstretched hand.   It may also result from a direct blow on the back of the upper forearm during injury. MONTEGGIA FRACTURE-DISLOCATION ( XRAY) TYPES                      This Fracture is Classified into two main categories depending upon the angulation of the ulna fracture – extension and flexion type. The extension type is the commoner of the two, where the ulna fracture angulates anteriorly (extends) and the radial head dislocates anteriorly. The flexion type is where the ulna fracture angulates posteriorly (flexes) and the radial head dislocates posteriorly. DIAGNOSIS                     In a case with an isolated fracture of the ulna in its upper half, a dislocation of the head of the radius should be carefully looked for anteriorly dislocated head of the radius. TREATMENT                      This is a very unst